Arranging For Big Band

Jazz Arranging 2: Big Band Arranging

In this second semester of jazz arranging, we will concentrate on arranging and orchestrating music for 17-piece big band — 4 trumpets, 3 tenor trombones, 1 bass trombone, 2 alto saxophones, 2 tenor saxophones, bari sax (no woodwind doubles), piano, guitar, string bass and drums. There will be one major arranging project, divided into constituent sections, plus preparatory and listening/analysis assignments. The instructor must approve your selection, chosen from the standard jazz repertoire.

Course Outline and Class Schedule

Semester: Spring 2021
Course #: MUSI 3632 (two credits)
Instructor: Earl MacDonald, Professor of Music, Director of Jazz Studies
Class Meeting Times: Thursdays at 9:30AM. Professor MacDonald is teaching online, via ZOOM this semester.

Suggested Textbooks: 

The following big band arranging texts are on reserve in the Music Library. 3-hour loan period.

  • “Inside The Score” (a detailed analysis of 8 classic jazz ensemble charts)
    by Rayburn Wright.  Kendor Music.
  • Instrumental Jazz Arranging
    by Mike Tomaro and John WilsonInside the Score, Rayburn Wright's jazz arranging textbook
  • Basics In Jazz Arranging
    by Paris Rutherford
  • Introduction to Big Band Arranging
    by Paris Rutherford
  • The Contemporary Arranger
    by Don Sebesky
  • Changes Over Time: The Evolution of Jazz Arranging
    by Fred Sturm

Additional titles and resources: http://www.earlmacdonald.com/jazz-arranging-text-books/

Grading: 

The major project will be divided into manageable, constituent formal units. Each of the following will be allocated a percentage of your final grade:

  • formal planning – 10%
  • preparatory assignments – 10% (throughout the semester)
  • head statement(s) – 10%
  • soli (1/2 chorus minimum) – 10%
  • shout (1/2 chorus minimum) – 10%
  • solo(s) with backgrounds – 10%
  • intro/ending – 10%
  • realization – 10%

Instituting a number of smaller, weighted deadlines, will help students to successfully deliver the completed big band arranging project on time.

The remaining 20% is designated for ten listening/analysis assignments (2% each). These will typically be due at the beginning of Wednesday’s classes. Visit the following link for a list of suggested big band albums. Students are welcome to borrow scores from the jazz ensemble library. Start with the pieces in Rayburn Wright’s “Inside the Score.”

All assignments are due at the beginning of class on their assigned date. Late assignments will be penalized heavily. Revisions are encouraged after receiving feedback. Provided the initial deadline was met, and a good faith effort was demonstrated, grades may be increased to reflect improvements.


The following online class schedule is continually evolving and is custom-tailored to meet student needs. Check back frequently, as updates and links will be added before each class.

Week 1:

  • orientation: “big picture” semester overview, text books & resources
  • project management
  • formal delineations, planning and road maps

Assignments:


Week 2: Feb. 1 – 5

Due:

    • piece selected
    • written project and band assessment completed
    • rhythmic feel(s) and tempo(s) of your arrangement (swing, latin, 3/4 etc.) chosen
    • listening/analysis assignment #1 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

Assignments:

Using “Inside the Score” and the above, linked example as models, create a detailed plan for your arrangement.  If your song follows a 32-bar AABA form, address each 8-bar section. Describe the orchestration, texture and density. Demarcate where all formal units will take place — solis, solos (including who!), backgrounds, ensemble “shout,” transitional passages, intro/ending etc. Designate the apex. Indicate feel changes and key modulations, if applicable. Use your imagination to include as much specificity as possible. Your plan could be presented as a detailed list (headings and bullet points) or as a graphic, dynamic contour chart, similar to Rayburn Wright’s examples on pages 8, 28, 48, 78, 96, 116, 150, and 160-16.


Week 3: Feb. 8 – 12

Due:

    • road map/formal delineations (10%)
    • listening/analysis assignment #2 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

Assignments:

Using copies of the provided score paper, write the lead lines and rhythm section parts for the in and out-heads of your chart. If including ensemble “hits” and backgrounds, write the top, melodic line only. Do not yet harmonize the horns.


Week 4: Feb. 15 – 19

Due:

Lecture Topics:

“Complete Ensemble Voicings Overview”

    • 4-part block writing
    • “Basie 4-part,” “Basic Ensemble” (utilizing triadic extensions), “Combination Voicings”
    • Upper Extension triads

Assignments:

    • Preparatory Worksheets: due Feb. 25
      1. 4-part block, isolated chords
      2. Big Band ensemble voicings worksheet

Week 5: Feb. 22 – 26

Due:

    • lead line sketches for: in-head and out-head
    • listening/analysis assignment #4 (2%)
    • Preparatory Worksheets:
      1. 4-part block, isolated chords
      2. Big Band ensemble voicings worksheet

Assignments:

    • melody statements (in and out heads) scored: voiced/harmonized, orchestrated. Due: March 4.

Lecture Topics:

    • 4-part block writing, continued: harmonizing non-chord tones within passages
*Mid-semester progress reports issued.

Week 6: March 1 – 5

Due:

    • melody statements (in and out heads) scored: voiced/harmonized, orchestrated
    • listening/analysis assignment #5 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

    • soli lines — melodic line writing
    • 4-part block writing, continued
    • harmonization techniques for non-chord tones
    • 4-part block writing, continued
    • rhythm section integration
    • chorale writing

Assignment:

    • Sketch your soli line, considering range and instrumental limitations. Due: March 11.

Week 7: March 8 – 12

Due:

    • Sketched soli line
    • listening/analysis assignment #6 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

    • soli line feedback
    • chorale writing
    • soli line feedback/consultations

Assignment:

    • “Beautiful Love” chorale-style head arrangement. Due: March 25th.
    • Harmonize soli. Due: March 25.

Spring Break: March 13 – 21 (Week 9)


Week 9: March 22 – 26

Due:

    • “Beautiful Love” chorale-style head arrangment
    • listening/analysis assignment #7 (2%)
    • harmonized soli

Lecture Topics:

    • soli harmonization feedback/consultations
    • “shout choruses:” principles and examples

Assignment:

    • Shout chorus lead line: due April 1

Week 10: March 29 – April 2

Due:

    • shout chorus lead line
    • listening/analysis assignment #8 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

Assignments:

    • harmonize the shout chorus (due: April 8)
    • solo and background sections (due: Monday, April 8)

Week 11: April 5 – 9

Lecture Topics:

    • backgrounds/”solo enhancements” consultations
    • Backgrounds/”Solo Enhancements” consultations
    • transitional material

Due:

  • listening/analysis assignment #9 (2%)
  • harmonized shout chorus

Week 12: April 12 – 16

Due:

    • solo and background sections
    • listening/analysis assignment #10 (2%)

Lecture Topics:

    • Introductions and Endings — principles, examples, consultations.

Assignment:

    • Intro and Ending (due: April 22)

Week 13: April 19 – 23

Due:

    • Intro & Ending

Lecture Topics:

    • Finale music notation software guidance
    • articulation markings & dynamic schemes
    • part formatting
    • proofreading
    • Consultations, guidance
    • advanced reharmonization
    • motivic and rhythmic development
    • …and more

Assignment:

    • Finale note entry.  Creation and formatting of score and parts

Week 14: April 26 – 30

  • Part taping.
  • Final scanning of parts.
  • Highlighting roadmap instructions (D.S., etc.).
  • Reading Sessions #1 & #2
  • evaluative, critical listening to recordings of student arrangements

*The course content, schedule and grading scheme are subject to change at the instructor’s discretion.


Communication policy

E-mail is the instructor’s preferred method of communication with students. Please allow 48-hours for replies. When requesting a meeting with me outside of my office hours, please submit several meeting time options. I prefer to be addressed as Professor MacDonald.


Some useful telephone numbers, websites and services:
Distance Education

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Student Code

You are responsible for acting in accordance with the University of Connecticut’s Student Conduct Code. Review and become familiar with these expectations.

Academic Integrity

This course expects all students to act in accordance with the Guidelines for Academic Integrity at the University of Connecticut. Consult UConn’s guidelines for academic integrity. Cheating and plagiarism are taken very seriously at the University of Connecticut. As a student, it is your responsibility to avoid plagiarism.

Policy Against Discrimination, Harassment and Related Interpersonal Violence

The University is committed to maintaining an environment free of discrimination or discriminatory harassment directed toward any person or group within its community – students, employees, or visitors. Academic and professional excellence can flourish only when each member of our community is assured an atmosphere of mutual respect. All members of the University community are responsible for the maintenance of an academic and work environment in which people are free to learn and work without fear of discrimination or discriminatory harassment. More information is available at equity.uconn.edu and titleix.uconn.edu.

Attendance

Except for final examinations, the instructor has final authority in permitting students to submit assignments late or make up examinations.

Copyright

My lectures, notes, handouts, and displays are protected by state common law and federal copyright law. They are my own original expression and I’ve recorded them prior or during my lecture in order to ensure that I obtain copyright protection. Students are authorized to take notes in my class; however, this authorization extends only to making one set of notes for your own personal use and no other use. I will inform you as to whether you are authorized to record my lectures at the beginning of each semester. If you are so authorized to record my lectures, you may not copy this recording or any other material, provide copies of either to anyone else, or make a commercial use of them without prior permission from me.

Students with Disabilities

The University of Connecticut is committed to protecting the rights of individuals with disabilities and assuring that the learning environment is accessible. If you anticipate or experience physical or academic barriers based on disability or pregnancy, please let me know immediately so that we can discuss options. Students who require accommodations should contact the Center for Students with Disabilities, Wilbur Cross Building Room 204, (860) 486-2020, or http://csd.uconn.edu/.

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